Research Reports

A decade of missiles, killings and economic woes

In North Korea, Kim Jong-un was less than 30 years old when he took over the reins of government. Kim Jong-un’s father Kim Jong-il died on December 16, 2011 at the age of 69. He was then North Korea’s supreme leader. After the death of his father, the young leader of the country, Kim Jong-un, took on the difficult responsibility of running the state that year. He was later elected general secretary of the ruling Workers’ Party.

Kim Jong-un has ruled North Korea hard for a decade. At the time, many hoped that Kim Jong-un, educated in Western Europe and young in Europe, would bring about sweeping reforms in North Korea. Change the country’s strategy of isolation from the rest of the world. Limit progress on missile tests. Through this, the fortunes of the North Koreans will begin to return. However, their expectations were not met. Over the past decade, Kim Jong-un has not shied away from tightening his grip on the country.

“Kim Jong-un has always had a tendency to show power,” said Go Muung-hun, a research fellow on North Korea at the Asian Institute for Policy Studies, a South Korean think tank. That is why Kim Jong-un has chosen Kim Jong-un as his successor. Even as the youngest child in the family, Kim Jong-un was his father’s first choice in running the state. The lure of power has made him North Korea’s supreme leader. ”

The importance of militarization

Over the past decade, North Korea has taken a step forward in the ballistic missile test and nuclear arms race through Kim Jong-un. The country has some intercontinental ballistic missiles capable of hitting the mainland of the United States. In 2016, Kim Jong-un got involved in a nuclear war with the United States due to an old dispute. He has made North Korea’s military stronger than his father’s.

Ankit Panda is a senior researcher on nuclear policy at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, a Washington-based think tank. He authored a book, Kim Jong-un and the Bomb. “Kim Jong-un considers the missile test to be North Korea’s most valuable sword,” said Panda. He considers the display of this sword essential in the last one decade. ‘

But a decade later, Kim Jong-un’s health is now in the international media. For a long time, Kim Jong-un was hidden from public view. At this time he has lost a few kilograms. North Korea prefers to be isolated from the outside world. So the world does not know much about the country. What Kim Jong-un’s administration has officially said is the biggest source of information for outsiders about North Korea. So it is difficult to predict Kim Jong-un’s future plans.

Conservative Kim Jong-un

“If you want to know more about someone, first learn about their family and the process of growing up,” said Cheung Sheung-chang, director of the Center for North Korean Studies at the Shejong Institute in South Korea, explaining Kim Jong-un’s behavior. According to him, Kim Jong-un’s family was conservative about running the state. This tendency has remained in him too.

“Kim Jong-un has a tendency to exercise power since childhood,” said Cheung Sheung-chang. He was educated in military education. A picture of Kim Jong-un’s eighth birthday was released. He was seen wearing a military uniform with rank. The military officers on the side are seen saluting him in the picture. It is clear from this that Kim Jong-un has been prepared as the future general since childhood. ‘

When he was a little older, Kim Jong-un was sent to a residential school in Bern, the capital of Switzerland. Kim Jong-un’s elder brother Kim Jong-chol used to study in that school. Kim Jong-un was once considered North Korea’s next supreme leader. But Cheung Sheong-Chang thinks he lacked political and military ambitions. So Kim Jong-un’s younger son Kim Jong-un was chosen as his successor. After completing his studies in Switzerland, Kim Jong-un returned home. He graduated from Kim Il Sung Military University in North Korea in 2006 with a degree in military studies. Kim Jong-un likes to ride horses and play basketball.

Kim Jong-un is embroiled in controversy

In 2011, Kim Jong-un took some time to understand the process of governing the country. According to Go Muung-hun, Kim Jong-un began to show his true colors within three to four years. In the beginning, he killed influential military-civilian rivals one by one to stay in power. After consolidating his position, he turned his attention to the international arena. In a bid to establish North Korea as a “regional power”, it has been embroiled in renewed disputes with several countries, including the United States.

Kim Jong-un has been charged in 2016 with the murder of his half-brother Kim Jong-un using a nerve agent at the Kuala Lumpur International Airport. Malaysia is one of the few countries in the world to have North Korean embassies. This incident led to diplomatic disputes between the two countries. As a result, Pyongyang was forced to close its embassy in Kuala Lumpur. Not only that, Kim Jong-un has made headlines in the international media several times by conducting one missile test after another. The administration of then US President Donald Trump has threatened to launch a nuclear war with North Korea.

Tensions between the United States and North Korea remained high throughout 2016. Throughout the year, the two sides made threats. But the following year the situation changed completely. In 2016, Kim Jong-un first met with South Korean President Moon Jae-in. He later met with Donald Trump in Singapore. These meetings were unprecedented in the history of North Korea. No North Korean leader has met with the US president before Kim Jong-un. This temporarily reduces the tension. The expectation of peace is created. The world became acquainted with Kim Jong-un’s diplomatic wisdom.

However, the expectations did not take long to fade. Kim Jong Un canceled his second meeting with Trump in 2019 due to the deterioration of bilateral relations. As a result, the United States has not lifted sanctions on North Korea. Pyongyang has not given up on acquiring weapons. At the time, Trump called Kim Jong-un a “small rocket.” In response, Kim Jong-un called Trump a “terrified old man.” The United Nations has said that North Korea has reached the final stage of developing weapons of mass destruction.

Rumors circulated on social media last year that Kim Jong-un had died. He came out in public proving that rumor to be false. He was in hiding for some time this year. Kim Jong-un has recently come out in public to lose weight. He thinks that if we can acquire weapons of mass destruction, it will be possible to establish a balance of power with the United States. And in this way, China and Russia have always been by his side.

According to the painted panda, the US military presence next to its home is one of the reasons for Pyongyang’s fears. For North Korea, on the other hand, Japan and South Korea suffer from insecurity. The two countries have increased their military budgets for this purpose. Strengthened missile defense. And such fears of the two countries are working to increase US influence and military presence in the region. This is the biggest problem in the region, including the Korean Peninsula.

The plight of North Koreans

During the conflict with the United States, Kim Jong-un proved that he is stronger than his father. That’s what Go Muung-hun thinks. According to him, the North Koreans are suffering. The country’s economy is now on the brink of collapse due to years of sanctions. There is an extreme food crisis. The Corona epidemic has created additional stress. Dealing with this situation is a big challenge for Kim Jong-un.

Kim Jong-un himself may have understood the depth of the crisis. So perhaps he compares the current crisis to the country’s terrible famine in the 1990s. The famine killed many people in North Korea. Kim Jong-un called on the people of the country to prepare for the “difficult crisis”.

Donald Castillo

Donald Castillo is a journalist and reporter with extensive experience covering news and current events. He has a deep understanding of the news industry and is able to analyze and report on complex issues with accuracy and insight. Castillo has a strong background in investigative journalism and is known for his ability to uncover hidden stories and bring them to light.

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